as slaves, part of a slave labour force of 14 million the Nazis intended to create using citizens of conquered nations. In this way Germany became a de facto unitary state, with all state governments controlled by the central government under the nsdap. Nazi book burnings took place; nineteen such events were held on the night of Tens of thousands of books from dozens of figures, including Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, Helen Keller, Alfred Kerr, Marcel Proust, Erich Maria Remarque, Upton Sinclair, Jakob Wassermann,. In response, Hitler used the Schutzstaffel (SS) and Gestapo to purge the entire SA leadership. Orderly and Humane: The Expulsion of the Germans after the Second World War. They believed Britain would go to war over Hitler's planned invasion of Czechoslovakia, and Germany would lose. German troops entered Austria the next day, to be greeted with enthusiasm by the populace. Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels made effective use of film, mass rallies, and Hitler's hypnotic oratory to influence public opinion. Wehrmacht troops also participated directly in the Holocaust by shooting civilians or committing genocide under the guise of rencontre femme nature ninove anti-partisan operations. The two groups saw themselves as potential rival parties in post-war Germany, and for the most part did not co-ordinate their activities. Suicide rates in Germany increased, particularly in areas where the Red Army was advancing. See also References Explanatory notes On, Reichsinnenminister Wilhelm Frick, the Interior Minister, ordered that the Horst-Wessel-Lied be played right after the standing national anthem Das Lied der Deutschen, better known as Deutschland Über Alles. Consolidation of power The SA leadership continued to apply pressure for greater political and military power. Most of the victims came from disadvantaged groups such as prostitutes, the poor, the homeless, and criminals. The Red Orchestra spy ring provided information to the Allies about Nazi war crimes, helped orchestrate escapes from Germany, and distributed leaflets. The party used propaganda to develop a cult of personality around Hitler. The armaments industry began to break down by September 1944.